Saturday, March 30, 2013

New Studies Suggest the Speed of Light is Variable

An excellent post from Exploring Energy Evolution tying in worldviews to creativity and innovation, or lack of. Reprinted with permission.

We will continue to penetrate and dilute the incredible power habit, and the voice of authority, has upon stumping, restricting civilization’s progress for decades; in an arena where reason dares not tread - the physics of outdated energy concepts and missing fundamentals - specifically when tied to “funding” and “wages”. 

New Studies Suggest the Speed of Light is Variable

Thus far, textbook descriptions of the speed of light assume that the light is traveling in a vacuum. Space, however, is not a vacuum. According to the Alpha Galileo Foundation, two new studies slotted for publication in the European Physical Journal D demonstrate that the speed of light is actually variable. The authors of the studies include March Urban of the University of Paris-Sud, along with Gerd Leuchs and Luis L. Sanchez-Soto from the Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Light in Erlangen, Germany. A major part of the discussion in both studies is the nature of a vacuum, which on a quantum level is not, as most believe, empty. Rather, it is filled with the particle pairs. continued.............

Variable light velocity and the Constant C

Reason, is the fits of laughter that accompanies first year physics university students upon hearing the quaint, outdated concepts about approaching the speed of light – length shortens in the direction of motion, time slows down, mass becomes infinite…..

Back in the 60’s, a more reasonable, common sense explanation declared the difficulty with our present mathematical approach to the problem of relativity lies not in any error of the mathematics themselves, but in the fact that the methods and terms used in the attempt to explain them, often lead to incorrect thinking and assumptions. (StarSteps) is a must read to break the “flat earth concepts syndrome” physics still maintains in its interpretation of reality)

For example: the best known formula perhaps, which has emerged from the study of relativity, is the expression E =MC2, which simply states that the quantity of energy (in ergs) which is inherent in any mass, is equal to the number of grams of that mass, multiplied by the square of the quantity C. The quantity C is considered to be a constant, in fact the only constant which has survived in a relativistic world.

In almost every text book on physics in the world today the statement is made that the quantity C represents the velocity of light (in centimeters per second), yet every student in the world who has studied the subject, knows that the velocity of light is not a constant. That its velocity, in fact, varies slightly with each different medium through which it is propagated. Any student who has ever passed a beam of sunlight through a prism to produce a spectrum of color, has demonstrated that not only does the velocity of light vary in different media, but that the change in velocity varies somewhat with the frequency of the light when propagated in material media. This of course is the principal upon which all of our spectroscopes are designed, although most textbooks state merely that the light is refracted or `bent' in passing from one medium to another. There are many who will dispute the statement that the change in velocity varies with the frequency, but when sufficiently precise tests are made entirely within a single medium, the results indicate convincingly that this is true.

At this point most students will remark that the quantity C refers to the velocity of light in a perfect vacuum, but where in the universe can we find a perfect vacuum in which to test this assertion? Astronomers and physicists have estimated that even in the remotest depths of intergalactic space there will probably be found, from three to seven nuclear or atomic particles per cubic centimeter. A beam of light traveling at approximately 3x10(10) centimeters per second would still encounter a rather large number of such particles during each second of its journey. While it is true that the proportionate decrease in velocity which would be produced by this minute concentration of matter is so small that it might be negligible for all practical purposes of measurement, nevertheless it demonstrates the fact that we have chosen as our sole remaining constant, a quantity which actually can never be a perfect constant anywhere in the know universe. 

Fortunately there is a value to which the quantity C can be assigned which is a constant. Moreover the assignment of the quantity C to this factor makes possible a much better understanding of the natural laws involved in the propagation of energy. The quantity C is actually the kinetic energy equivalent of the mass energy of matter. In other words, if we take a gram (or any other quantity of matter: Newtonian mass) and convert that matter gradually into energy according to the formula E = MC2, and the resultant energy, as it appeared, were constantly applied to the remaining matter in such a way as to accelerate it uniformly in a given direction, when all the matter had been so converted we would find that we had zero Newtonian mass, infinite inertial mass and a resultant velocity equal to the quantity C, or approximately 3x10(10) centimeters per second (with respect to the given reference or starting point). The maximum velocity attained would always be the same regardless of the quantity of matter with which we started.

This is a fact which can easily be verified by anyone who is mathematically inclined, and who is familiar with the laws of acceleration. The energy required to accelerate each gram of mass to the velocity C through energy conversion is exactly equal to total energy inherent in any matter having that mass. This fact forms the true basis of the statement in our present day physics that the velocity C is a maximum or limiting velocity, since it represents the greatest kinetic energy differential which can exist between two given reference points.

The Quantity C: We have seen that the factor known as the quantity C has a greater significance than is usually credited to it. It is not merely the velocity with which light and other forms of energy are propagated in a vacuum. The quantity C is a degree of energy differential. We can define it as the maximum differential which can exist between two reference points in the factor which we call matter. We can also define it as the minimum differential which can exist between a reference point in matter, and one in energy. This is only true, however, when the reference point in matter is at the same energy level as the observer.

The quantity C is a degree of energy differential. We can define it as the maximum differential which can exist between two reference points in the factor which we call matter. We can also define it as the minimum differential which can exist between a reference point in matter, and one in energy. One of the postulates of the theory of relativity is that as a body of matter accelerates and approaches the velocity of light, or a kinetic energy differential equal to the quantity C with respect to a given observer, the body loses dimension in the direction of motion. If the velocity reaches the velocity of light it will appear to have lost all of its dimension in this direction. To this observer it would no longer be matter, since matter, by definition, requires three dimensions. The matter would have become energy insofar as the original observer was concerned since it would now exhibit a kinetic energy differential equal to the total energy inherent in the original matter.

While we have repeatedly referred to the quantity C as an energy differential, we have heretofore considered it only in terms of kinetic energy. Some may believe that it can be reached only when there is a rate of increase or decrease in the degree of spatial separation between the reference points, equal to 3x10(10) centimeters per second, or in simpler terms, a velocity equal to that of light. It is necessary therefore to point out the fact that an energy differential does not necessarily manifest itself as a velocity. It can also exist as a frequency. Our present laws of physics state that the energy level upon which an electron, a photon, or other particle exists is proportionate to its frequency. The mathematical rule is E equals Fh, where E is the energy, F is the frequency and h is a factor called Planck's constant.

We can now see that a frequency differential which by the above formula is equal to 9x10(20) ergs per gram also represents the quantity C. When such a frequency differential exists between the observer and the point which he is observing, we again find that the natural laws at the observed point reach zero value with respect to the observer. If the frequency differential exceeds this value, the action of the laws will become negative. A material object such as a spacecraft upon or near the surface of the earth would cease to exist as matter and would enter the plane of energy insofar as the observer on earth was concerned, but as we have previously pointed out, an observer upon or within the object, whose frequency or energy level had been raised to the same degree as that of the craft, would be unable to detect any change.

Creative innovations, using Corn, etc., as an oil substitute for our energy requirements, umbrellas for earth to stop global warming, and swinging on vines like Tarzan to get into space, spells out a serious deficiency in 21st century scientific understanding of reality. 

More on:
Variable Speed of Light

Einstein's theory of General Relativity Suppose that you have a clock and a ruler (which is not rotating with respect to stars) and that you are not accelerating (inertial). Locally (where you are) you will always measure the speed of light at 299792.458 km/sec. However in the presence of gravity if I am at a different location than yours then I could measure the speed of light at your location to be any value smaller than or greater than 299792.458 km/sec. It depends on where I am and where you are (it depends on locations). So in the presence of gravity the speed of light becomes relative (variable depending on the reference frame of the observer). This does not mean that photons accelerate or decelerate. This is just gravity causing clocks to run slower and rulers to shrink.

Recalling the very famous second postulate of Special Relativity declared by Einstein (1905):

“The velocity c of light in vacuum is the same in all inertial frames of reference in all directions and depend neither on the velocity of the source nor on the velocity of the observer”

Einstein's theory of special relativity says that the speed of light in vacuum is always measured the same (at 299,792.458 km/s) however this is only true locally for systems that are inertial, which means not accelerating.

From Newton's second law: if forces exist implies acceleration exists; this means that if you are in a spaceship and fire your rockets then you are not inertial. The other factor besides acceleration is gravity. Albert Einstein himself emphasized in his paper in 1917:

 “The results of the special relativity hold only so long as we are able to disregard the influence of gravitational fields on the phenomena”

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

What would a World View be without a God Particle!

Introducing "Sound Off": World Views and the empowerment factor.  Reprinted with Permission

What would a World View be without a God Particle!

 As we recall, the three distinct cosmologies which had their influence in shaping the Western worldview, two were familiar, the third—and most relevant to the task at hand—had ancient roots, and may in one form or another be the most widely held….yet for some strange reason, it has virtually no public presence.
  • The cosmos is created and ruled by a Distant Patriarch 
  • The cosmos is a Grand Machine
  • The cosmos is a manifestation of Integral Spirit 
Assessing world views is not an exercise in futility. World views shape our future. “All the good, the bad, the ugly” are world view dependent, including the most awesome possibilities or the most extreme, debilitating, limitations for both self and community. (It must be noted here, self and community cannot be disconnected, they are totally entangled, irregardless of your current world view).
In the Grand Machine world view, the “god particle” now becomes a prophet of doom, foretelling of the end of the universe.
Let us see if we can bring some semblance of optimism to this dead-end “grand machine” world view which is now confirming the Higgs boson (god particle) as a prophet of doom ; and perhaps also we can  provide some public presence to the most widely held world view “manifestation of integral spirit”, where the created become the creator at the end of time, and a new cycle commences. It will soon be noted, that what the Higgs boson confirms and demonstrates, is in isolation, a partial picture, akin to physics seeing only one half of reality to date.
Rest assured, the other half is coming soon, as continued advances in science can only reveal Reality, especially the missing elements. Any major progress physics makes heretofore, will only reveal the same matter/energy continuum, the same matter/energy curve it shares with metaphysics, as Aristotle, who authored the two books, physics and metaphysics implied. Science starts at the matter end of the curve, and metaphysics starts at the energy end of the curve. In between is Light, the constant C, the kinetic energy equivalent of the mass energy of matter.  With the ROC, radius of curvature (constant C), as the scientific, mathematical mediator, we find the same laws running through physics and metaphysics, matter to energy, from the microcosm to the macrocosm. The current, self-imposed limits in our world view, with their destructive consequences to earth and life, will dissolve, revealing unfathomable future potential and prosperity.
  • The cosmos is a Grand Machine says:
The End Of The Universe, The Higgs And All The ‘Ifs’   As if calling the Higgs particle “the God particle” didn’t cause enough confusion and misinformation, here we go again, with the Higgs hitting the spotlight once more, but now as prophet of doomWhy the Higgs boson ‘God particle’ matters. First theorized 50 years ago, Higgs boson explains why particles have mass
  • The cosmos is a manifestation of Integral Spirit says:
No One-Way Universe Involution-Evolution, Gravitation-Radiation, Inbreath-Outbreath, When the created become the creator – a new round begins
The fundamental cosmogony of the then-accepted science, which so amazed me, was what might be termed a transient, discontinuous, unbalanced, on-way universe, which had a beginning eons ago, by the unexplained and unexplainable formation of a tremendous flaming mass of heat, which is slowly radiating away by splitting into smaller masses, which expand within themselves and from each other until they eventually end in heat death.
Out of this unnatural theory came the first and second laws of thermodynamics that have no validity whatsoever, for the premise that heat is energy, upon which they are founded has no validity. The resultant one-way universe allowed for no compensating generation to counterbalance its radiation, despite the accepted law of equal and opposite action and reaction. “Energy cannot run up hill,” science says, “it can only run down hill.” It so happens in God’s plan that energy runs neither up nor down hill.
 Walter Russel The Secret of Light illuminates the many questions regarding the nature of “science and consciousness.” Dr. Francis Trevelyan Miller (LITT.D., LL.D.), Historical Foundations, New York, wrote in 1947 of The Secret of Light,
“I hasten to congratulate you on your epoch-making achievement in giving the world The Secret of Light. In this little volume, with its tremendous magnitude of thought, you have given Science and human knowledge a rebirth—a transmigration from its physical plane to its potential grandeur on the cosmic plane.” “You have opened the door into the infinite—science must enter. It may hesitate; it may engage in controversy, but it cannot afford to ignore the principles you have established which eventually will revolutionize man’s concept of himself, his world, his universe, and his human problems.”
In TheosophyAnthroposophy and Rosicrucianism, involution and evolution are part of a complex sequence of cosmic cycles, called Round. When the universe attains a stage of sufficient density, the individual spirit is able to descend and participate in the evolution. Involution thus refers to the incarnation of spirit in an already established matter, the necessary prerequiste of evolution
Troward1 Troward2  The Law of Reciprocity, therefore, demands a similar, self-sustained motion in the material correspondence and mathematical considerations show that the only sort of motion which can  sustain a self-supporting body moving in vacuo [in a vacuum, without support] is a rotary motion bringing the body itself into a spherical form. Now this is exactly what we find at both extremes of the material world. At the big end are the spheres of the planets rotating on their axes and revolving round the sun [and all the stars and planetary systems rotating around the center-point of the galaxy]; and at the little end are the spheres of the atoms consisting of particles which, modern science tells us, in like manner rotate round a common center at distances which are astronomical as compared with their own mass. Thus the two ultimate units of physical manifestation, the atom and the galaxy both follow the same law of self-sustained motion which we have found that, on a priori grounds, [i.e., established by reason and not factual proof] they must in order to express the primary activity of Spirit. And we may note in passing that this rotary or absolute motion is the combination of the only two possible relative modes of motion, namely, motion from a point and motion to it—that is to say centrifugal and centripetal motion. Thus, in rotary or absolute motion, we find that both the polarities of motion are included, thereby repeating on the purely mechanical side the primordial principle of the Unity including the Duality in itself.

Consciousness : Devolution, Involution and Evolution Explained by Sri Aurobindo

 ”In the beginning, it is said, was the Eternal, the Infinite, the One. In the middle, it is said, is the finite, the transient, the Many. In the end, it is said, shall be the One, the Infinite, the Eternal. For when was the beginning? At no moment in Time, for the beginning is at every moment; the beginning always was, always is and always shall be. The divine beginning is before Time, in Time and beyond Time for ever. The Eternal, Infinite and One is an endless beginning. And where is the middle? There is no middle; for there is only the junction of the perpetual end and the eternal beginning; it is the sign of a creation which is new at every moment. The creation was for ever, is for ever, shall be for ever. The Eternal, Infinite and One is the magical middle-term of his own existence; it is he that is the beginningless and endless creation. And when is the end? There is no end. At no conceivable moment can there be a cessation. For all end of things is the beginning of new things which are still the same One in an ever developing and ever recurring figure. Nothing can be destroyed, for all is He who is forever. The Eternal, Infinite and One is the unimaginable end that is never closing upon new interminable vistas of his glory.”

Exploring quantum and spiritual commonalities

Open for discussion: Graham Hancock and Rupert Sheldrake from TEDxWhitechapel

The “Science Board” has spoken. “After due diligence, including a survey of published scientific research and recommendations from our Science Board and our community, we have decided that Graham Hancock’s and Rupert Sheldrake’s talks from TEDxWhiteChapel should be removed from distribution on the TEDx YouTube channel.”
A story about money that will change your life.

Recognizing healthy and non-healthy world views, for the benefit of future generations.

Infographics on the distribution of wealth in America, highlighting both the inequality and the difference between our perception of inequality and the actual numbers. The reality is often not what we think it is.  “Confessions of an Economic Hitman” This is a time that requires commitment and courage. A time to soar to new heights. Through your actions and communications, you can inspire business leaders, political leaders, students and teachers, housewives and husbands – everyone – to manifest a world our children and grandchildren will want to inherit.
The Economic Hitmen – How It Is Done!